FunHow does a water softener work?

How does a water softener work?

The hardness of the water is conditioned by the free ions of calcium and magnesium. Its concentration varies from one water to another. Hard water affects the action of detergent in different ways: on the one hand, chemical reactions take place between calcium and magnesium ; on the other, at higher temperatures, both form calcium and magnesium carbonate, that is, lime. In ancient times, water was softened with potassium carbonate, and at the beginning of the 20th century, with soda. Since the 1950s, with the introduction of washing machines , the industry added sodium pyrophosphate and later triphosphates . These substances bind calcium and magnesium so effectively that no residual substances are formed. Almost all detergents contain a descaler with a softener.

Schedules of the Valencia GP of MotoGP in Cheste and how to see it

The Cheste circuit hosts this weekend, from November 4 to 6, the 2022 MotoGP Comunitat Valenciana GP. See the schedules and all the information.

"Don't talk to me!": Danni Büchner makes a clear announcement to hated party guests

Danni Büchner is invited to Sam Dylan's Halloween party. But the "Goodbye Germany" emigrant has no desire for many other party guests. And find clear words.

King Charles III Portrait now on the first coin: Serious change to the Queen

Charles III first coins with his portrait are there. Coin lovers immediately discover two striking differences.

Unknown colourfulness

Bird Species Discovered on Islands in Indonesia

Braking was tricky

Apart from that, everything worked like a picture book for the railway world record in Switzerland