Tech UPTechnologyOther scientists you should know (besides Marie Curie)

Other scientists you should know (besides Marie Curie)

Of course, if we want to talk about relevant women scientists, we have to make a mandatory stop at Marie Curie. She unraveled the role of radioactivity in the field of Medicine and became the first person to receive two awards in different specialties (Physics and Chemistry) and the first woman to be a professor at the University of Paris.

But alongside her, there were other women dedicated to the field of science, who may sound less familiar to you, but who also left their mark on their disciplines.

 

If we talk about women and nuclear energy, we have to mention Lise Meitner, born in 1878.

She was a Swedish physicist, considered the true author of the discovery of nuclear fission. But his research partner, Otto Hahn, was instead awarded the Nobel Prize for his find.

 

And if we talk about chemistry, we have to mention Marie Paulze Lavoisier, born in 1758. She and her husband are considered the fathers of modern chemistry.

Together they made enormous contributions, such as the theory that combustion and oxidation occur by combining combustible substances with oxygen.

It is very likely that many of the achievements attributed to her husband were actually her doing, as was common at the time.

 

The one that comes next surely sounds familiar to you. Hypatia of Alexandria. She is considered by many to be the first woman scientist in history. She was born in Alexandria at the end of the 4th century, and she was the author of several treatises on mathematics and astronomy and invented models of astrolabees, planispheres, and hydroscopes. She died by being savagely murdered by refusing to embrace the Christian religion and being considered by Christians as a threat, given that she had an important role and was a very influential woman.

 

Now let’s talk about exploring the heavens. What women stood out in this field? Maria Cunitz. She was an outstanding astronomer who lived during the seventeenth century and who wrote a treatise in which she included her own calculations of the position of the planets, and which also detected the mistakes made by Kepler himself.

And a modern-day scientist: Jocelyn Bell. She was born in Belfast in 1943 and was the first astrophysicist to discover the radio signal of a pulsar , which at first she called “Little green men” (little green men), thinking that it came from an extraterrestrial civilization.

In 1974, astronomers Antony Hewish and Martin Ryle were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of pulsars not to mention Bell’s work.

 

For one thing is to scrutinize the cosmos and another, to have looked into it. Do you know who the first woman in space was? Her name is Valentina Tereshkova, and she was born in 1937. Tereshkova made her space trip on June 16, 1963, aboard the Vostok-6 spacecraft. In addition, it set another record, since it made 48 complete orbits of the Earth.

 

Let’s now talk about women who stood out in the technological field.

Ada Lovelace. She was born in England in 1815, and became the first programmer in history. He worked with Charles Babagge, considered the father of computing, and in his notes he described the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. For this reason, the US Department of Defense named a programming language after him.

Hedy Lamarr. Hedy Lamarr, who was born in 1914, is considered the first person to devise a communication system that has been the basis for WiFi, Bluetooth, and other technologies such as GPS.

In addition, she was the first woman to star in a nude and simulate an orgasm in the history of cinema.

 

In the field of environmental sciences there are also female scientists who left their mark.

Rachel Louise Carson. She was born in 1907 and stood out as a scientific writer for her articles on conservation and natural resources, which they focused on the excessive use of pesticides after World War II. She is the author of the famous book Silent Spring.

 

In the field of animal biology, Jane Goodall. She was born in London in 1934, and is famous for her work as a primatologist. He traveled to Tanzania to observe primate communities and his scientific work has been a reference for generations of biologists.

 

Finally, we are going to highlight some scientists dedicated to biomedicine. Rosalind Franklin. She was born in 1920. As an expert crystallographer, she contributed key data in the discovery of the double helix structure. However, she was never recognized for it, and the Nobel was awarded to her colleagues Francis Crick and James Watson.

 

Rita-Levi Montalcini. She was born in 1909 and was a prominent neurologist. His greatest contribution was the discovery of the nerve growth factor , proteins that contribute to the sustenance of neurons and allow the formation of healthy neuronal circuits and thus prevent cell death. For this reason, he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1986.

 

And one of the most influential contemporary scientists is Elizabeth Blackburn. She was born in 1948, and as you will remember we have already mentioned her here. She is an Australian biochemist, discoverer of telomerase, an enzyme that is capable of lengthening telomeres (the ends of chromosomes) and conferring additional life to cells.

This finding opened a new path in diseases related to aging, such as cancer, since tumor cells are the only ones capable of activating telomerase to become immortal. This discovery earned Blackburn the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2009.

 

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