Tech UPTechnologyWhat would happen if the core of the Earth...

What would happen if the core of the Earth got cold?

With all the information about climate change, global warming and future forecasts hitting our minds, the general mood has become more aware and tense regarding the fate of the planet over the years. And the truth is that many parts of the planet are already facing drastic changes in the climate. The general temperature of the Earth is increasing, which is another concern. With all this tension around the Earth’s rising climate and temperature, there may be people who wish just the opposite, for it to cool.

In case you don’t already know, the warmest place on Earth is its core, located in the center of the planet. So, given all of our concerns about climate change and its effects, what if the core suddenly decided to turn off its heat and cool down?

The nucleus

Besides the name of a science fiction movie released in 2003, the core is the innermost part of the Earth. According to seismological studies, it is located right in the center of the planet and has a radius of approximately 3,500 km (it represents 60% of the mass of the Earth). It consists primarily of a nickel-iron alloy known as NiFe (“Ni” for nickel and “Fe” for iron). The core is also quite dense, which implies that it contains a large amount of other heavy elements, a very small amount of lighter metals, along with traces of silicon. The gravity of the core is almost three times stronger than the gravity on the surface of the planet.

It should also be noted that, although it is hot enough on its own, its temperature is accentuated by the heat generated by gravitational friction, caused by the movement of heavy materials near the region where the core and mantle separate. .

What happens if the core gets cold?

Although it seems a curious approach, we do not want it to happen. The core of our planet performs a number of functions that are essential to sustain life on Earth. All those vital functions would be disrupted if the nucleus were to cool. If the core cooled down, we would have a basically dead planet. This pretty much sums up the final consequences, right? But let’s look at the specific effects that would be caused by a cooling of the Earth’s core.

The cooling of the core would not only cause an absence of geothermal energy, but darkness would also fall on Earth , as energy companies around the world use the heat of the Earth’s crust to heat water, which produces steam, Steam powers the turbines that generate electricity through a complex process … In other words, a cold core means a darker Earth.

Apart from that, the planet would also be attacked by a lot of dangerous radiation from the Sun, as the core helps to form the protective atmospheric and magnetic layer around the planet’s surface. The ever-changing iron in the core forms this powerful shield around the Earth that protects us from harmful cosmic and solar radiation.

In the absence of that shield, there would be a brutal attack of radiation beams that can cause cancer and overheat the planet. There are also solar winds that blow over our planet all the time, but they are largely deflected by these invisible forces; Some of these solar wind “gusts” would be strong enough to dry up entire oceans and rivers, but our hot core helps prevent that from happening.

There are a number of hypothetical questions that intrigue many minds, particularly when it comes to potential solutions to global warming or climate change. This particular idea is in the same category, but it must always remain a hypothesis, since the reality of this happening on our planet, as we have been able to verify, would be completely disastrous. The Earth would end up becoming a new Mars.

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