NewsBooster vaccination: who should get a booster vaccination? Who...

Booster vaccination: who should get a booster vaccination? Who is entitled to it?

The corona numbers are skyrocketing. “Booster” vaccinations are supposed to break the fourth wave. Who needs the third dose against Corona and who is entitled to the booster vaccination.

Berlin – Israel started booster vaccinations against the coronavirus * some time ago. The “booster” vaccinations have now started in Germany. Politicians – above all Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) – consider a “booster” vaccination with a view to the Corona numbers and the next Corona winter to be necessary. A booster vaccination is to be offered to all citizens. But there are also more cautious voices. Here we have summarized the most important questions about booster vaccination:

Booster vaccinations – who is entitled to the booster vaccination?

All people from the age of twelve who have their place of residence or habitual abode in Germany are entitled to a booster vaccination.

Who is a booster vaccination recommended for?

The Conference of Health Ministers (GMK) recommends a booster vaccination against the coronavirus for all people aged 60 and over – after weighing up and consulting a doctor. According to GMK recommendations, a booster vaccination can be useful for residents and employees in old people’s and care facilities. People with an immunodeficiency are also advised to have a booster vaccination. People who have received a vaccination with Johnson & Johnson should also be vaccinated again.

  • all people aged 80 and over – usually six months after the primary vaccination course.
  • all people aged 60 and over – after careful consideration and medical advice – usually six months after the basic immunization.
  • Residents and employees in old people’s and nursing homes.
  • People with severe immunodeficiency or immunosuppression – usually four weeks after the primary vaccination course)
  • People with immunodeficiency – usually six months after the primary vaccination course.
  • People who were vaccinated with the Johnson & Johnson vaccine – usually from four weeks after the primary series.
  • People who received their full series of vaccinations with the Astrazeneca vaccine – usually six months after the primary series.

The Standing Vaccination Commission (Stiko) currently recommends a booster vaccination for a selected group of people, which mainly includes people with immunosuppression and people over 70 years of age. Stiko boss Thomas Mertens also emphasized at a press conference on Tuesday that Johnson & Johnson vaccinated people should be boosted. In the case of the vaccine, “a comparatively low vaccine effectiveness compared to the delta variant” was observed. Nursing and medical personnel should also be given a booster dose. Healthy middle-aged people with primary immunization could assume that they still have adequate protection against severe Covid 19 disease. Even if the protection against infection diminishes over time. The Stiko wants to decide in a few weeks whether they would recommend a booster vaccination for everyone.

When should the booster vaccination be done and with which vaccine?

A booster vaccination is usually necessary six months after the primary vaccination. People who have previously received a dose of Johnson & Johnson vaccine should get an additional dose of vaccine four weeks later. The booster vaccinations are carried out with the mRNA vaccines Corminaty from Biontech / Pfizer or with Spikevax from Moderna.

Vaccine expert Leif Sander believes that around 30 million people in Germany should promptly receive booster vaccinations against Corona. The head of the research group for infection immunology and vaccine research at the Charité said on Wednesday at a press conference with Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn and RKI boss Lothar Wieler in Berlin. According to the vaccination dashboard, 2.2 million people in Germany have so far accepted the offer of a booster vaccination (as of November 3)

However, 16.2 million people over the age of 12 in Germany are still unvaccinated, emphasized the RKI boss Wieler. Of these, 3.2 million are over 60 and are therefore particularly at risk from Corona.

Do booster vaccinations really make sense?

Medical experts have high expectations of the booster vaccinations against the coronavirus. The protection could be even higher after a third vaccination than after the second, said the head of the research group for infection immunology at the Berlin Charité, Leif Erik Sander, on Wednesday in Berlin.

“That is why I am firmly assuming that sooner or later a three-dose regimen will be established for the mRNA vaccines and that we will also offer a booster vaccination to all adults over the years”. He pointed out that studies from Israel demonstrated a 20-fold increase in protection after the third vaccination.

On the other hand, according to his statements, there is clear evidence of declining vaccination protection, especially among older people: People over 70 no longer had neutralizing antibodies against the Delta variant for six months. The decreasing protective effect is “perfectly expected”. (ml with afp) * Merkur.de is an offer from IPPEN.MEDIA

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