NewsLatin American countries that celebrate their independence in September

Latin American countries that celebrate their independence in September

During September, seven Latin American countries declared their independence from Spain. Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Chile and Honduras rose up against the Spanish forces to obtain their collective and individual independence.


The Cry of Independence is one of the most important historical events in Mexico, as it marks the beginning of the struggle for independence and is commemorated every September 15.

The beginning of this movement began when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla incited the people of Dolores to rise up in arms against the Viceroyalty, summoning them all through the ringing of their parish bells and eloquently shouting the reasons why they could not stay waiting without participating in this fight. That is why this event is called “El Grito”.

To celebrate this historic event, a ceremony led by the President of the Republic is held, where the bells of the National Palace are rung, alluding to Hidalgo’s call, at the same time that the Mexican flag is waved and toasts are offered. Respect to the heroes of the country.


On September 18, the anniversary of the First National Government Junta is commemorated in Chile.

The independence process began historically with the proclamation of the First National Government Junta, on September 18, 1810. But Chile’s independence was not achieved overnight, it was a long process in which internal and external factors intervened. . The true independence of Chile was achieved on February 12, 1818, when Bernardo O’Higgins met in Talca with José de San Martín to sign the “Deed of Oath of Independence”.

This holiday is part of the National Holidays, officially celebrated on September 18 and 19, 2022. They are the greatest expression of Chile’s nationality and various celebrations are held throughout the country to commemorate the anniversary of this South American country.

The independence of the Republics of El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua was proclaimed with the signing of the Act of Independence of Central America on September 15, 1821. The signing of the document brought as a consequence the independence of the Spanish Government.

Costa Rica

In Costa Rica, September is called the “Month of the Fatherland” and they celebrate Independence Day from the night of September 14 with a parade of homemade lanterns, called the Parade of Lanterns. Children often make lanterns at school before the big day to parade. This tradition is intended to commemorate the Torch of Independence, which is the national symbol of freedom in Costa Rica.


On this date, Hondurans take to the streets that are adorned with national symbols. The traditional parades are carried out accompanied by civic fervor of hundreds of students, military and official organizations.

Honduras gained its freedom after being ruled as part of the viceroyalty of New Spain for almost three centuries. In their fight for freedom, Honduras joined Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. A federation that happily annihilated the Spanish domain and José Cecilio del Valle was the one who signed the “Independence Act”.

El Salvador

For this celebration thousands of Salvadorans go out to march to commemorate independence day. In addition, on the occasion of this holiday, the Government carries out activities in the Plaza Libertad of San Salvador, where government officials and other State bodies participate in the floral offerings to honor the independence heroes. On this day in Plaza Libertad, the President of the Republic addresses a message alluding to the nation.

The military parade in the capital stands out, where the Armed Forces of El Salvador pay homage to the homeland, as well as the massive student parade. In the Jorge Mágico González stadium, a great military-style show is held, with parachutists and airplanes.


On this day, students, firefighters and musical bands parade through the Historic Center of the capital. Exhibitions are also held in the Plaza de la Constitución.

Guatemalans commemorate this holiday with band parades and other civic acts. Many buildings in Guatemala City are covered with blue and white flags. It is also customary in some cities for children to dress in the typical costumes of the place.


In Nicaragua, the Central American Patron Saint Festivities start on the first day of September, and are celebrated with parades of military bands from participating local schools. On September 15, the Declaration of Independence of Central America is recited in all state schools. One of the notable celebrations in the recent past on Independence Day was the National Rhythm Band Festival, in which local students compete and perform for a panel of judges.

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