It has been four decades sinceBob Noyce and Gordon Moore, two of the eight Fairchild children, left their old company and started a new project together: the creation of Integrated Electronics Corporation, Intel, today a world leader in the development of silicon technologies. The first success was reaped in November 1971 with the market launch of theIntel® 4004 microprocessor. It was then incorporated into a calculator with a printer, the Busicom 141-PF, but the design of the new chip was extraordinarily novel: it could be programmed “to measure”. Long before, in 1965, Moore had ventured to predict how the capacity of integrated circuits would evolve: every two years the number of transistors could be doubled without increasing the cost of production. And so it has been,Moore’s Lawit continues to be fulfilled, although as he himself pointed out, a new technology will eventually make it obsolete. Will photonics be the one that will manage to unseat it? Everything points to yes.