NewsSolar eclipse 2022: when and where on October 25th....

Solar eclipse 2022: when and where on October 25th. can be seen over Germany

Created: 10/19/2022 12:42 p.m

In October 2022 a partial solar eclipse can be seen. At what time can the eclipse on 25.10. watch over Germany.

Bremen – It’s the sky spectacle in October. With the partial solar eclipse, another celestial event is coming up in Germany on October 25, 2022, which not only astronomy fans are eagerly awaiting. Unlike the supermoon in August 2022, you don’t have to be a night owl to see the solar eclipse. It can be seen all over Germany in the early noon.

Nevertheless, clear regional differences can be determined with which intensity the partial solar eclipse can really be observed when the moon moves in front of the sun. Therefore, the further north or east, the better the spectacular celestial event can be experienced.

Partial solar eclipse in October 2022: When will the spectacle take place on October 25th? begins

But when can the solar eclipse be seen in October 2022? It is clear that everyone who is interested should keep their lunch break free for the spectacle in Germany on October 25th. On this day the moon moves in front of the sun. Depending on where you live in Germany, the eclipse of the sun by the moon can be experienced to different degrees.

Eine partielle Sonnenfinsternis
A partial solar eclipse. © Marcelo Hernandez/imago

According to calculations, the start of the solar eclipse begins with sunrise at 10:48 a.m. Central European Time (CET) near Iceland. From that moment on, the shadow of the moon can be seen over Europe, Northeast Africa, the Middle East, Russia and India. The solar eclipse will come to an end on the west coast of the subcontinent at 15:02 our time.

When was the last solar eclipse in Germany?

Some will think back to August 11, 1999, when the last solar eclipse was observed over Germany. Astronomy enthusiasts rushed to supermarkets and stocked up on sun goggles, lingered outside for hours intently watching the total solar eclipse across the sky. Even on the freeways, traffic jams stretched for kilometers and brought traffic to a standstill.

The eclipse on October 25, 2022 will probably not be such a spectacle. Because then there is “only” a partial solar eclipse, but it is not the longest of the century, like November 2021, when the moon moves in front of the sun.

When the solar eclipse on October 25, 2022 can be observed over Germany’s cities

In southern Germany, for example over Munich, the degree of coverage is over 23 percent, while during the solar eclipse over Germany in the east and north, over 30 percent of the sun can be expected to disappear behind the visible moon disk. The exact degree of coverage of the respective major cities at the peak of the solar eclipse on October 25, 2022 as well as the time when the partial solar eclipse begins, the eclipse reaches its maximum and when it ends can be found in the following table or on the website look for the solar eclipse.

Solar eclipse in October 2022: At what time the eclipse can be seen in Germany

city degree of coverage Start (CET) Maximum (CET) end (CET)
Berlin 32.3 percent 11:09:49 12:13:54 13:19:21
Dresden 31.2 percent 11:11:22 12:15:16 13:20:31
Hamburg 29.6 percent 11:07:42 12:09:31 13:12:54
Rostock 29.6 percent 11:08:00 12:11:36 13:16:38
Hanover: 27.6 27.6 percent 11:08:42 12:09:47 13:12:28
Bremen: 27.53 27.53 percent 11:07:46 12:08:24 13:10:41
Munich: 23.6 23.6 percent 11:14:14 12:14:41 13:16:36
Frankfurt: 22.9 22.9 percent 11:10:59 12:09:46 13:10:12
Cologne 22.12 percent 11:09:40 12:07:18 13:06:38
Stuttgart 21.53 percent 11:12:52 12:11:13 13:11:09

How does a solar eclipse occur?

What exactly happens during a solar eclipse?

According to the definition of a solar eclipse, the moon is between the earth and the sun. This is how the umbra of the moon falls on parts of the earth. The sun, moon and earth must be in line. Depending on the degree of coverage of sunlight by the moon, there are total or weakened forms of solar eclipse.

The result of a solar eclipse: the sunlight becomes pale. The bright day turns to dusk. Within a very short time it seems as if someone turns the dimmer and the light goes out. The brightest stars are flaring up and where the glaring bright sun was just visible, there is now a pitch-black circle in the sky, surrounded by a fiery, finely structured halo of light. A total solar eclipse!

How many types of solar eclipse are there?

There are four different types of solar eclipse. Total, partial, annular and hybrid solar eclipse. During an eclipse, the sun, moon and earth must line up. Although the moon is about 400 times smaller than the sun, the sun happens to be 400 times farther away, so the moon is still able to completely eclipse the sun. To observe a total solar eclipse, however, one must be directly in the umbra of the moon. If you are a little further north or south of the umbra, you will experience a partial solar eclipse, as the moon then no longer completely covers the sun.

  • What types of solar eclipses are there?
  • Total Solar Eclipse
  • Partial Solar Eclipse
  • Annular solar eclipse
  • Hybrid Solar Eclipse

The elliptical orbits of the earth and moon ensure that the moon sometimes appears smaller than the sun when the earth’s satellite moves in front of it. Then it is impossible for the moon, even if it is in the center of the sun, to cover it completely. The “ring of light” observed around the moon as a result of the phenomenon gives the annular eclipse its name. A hybrid solar eclipse, on the other hand, is an interplay of annular and total solar eclipse. Decisive for which eclipse you see in the end is the place where you are and position in the shadow of the moon.

What is the difference between a partial solar eclipse and a total solar eclipse?

In a total solar eclipse, the sun disappears completely behind the moon. Or at least that’s the impression you get from Earth. During the short period of total solar eclipse, it can get so dark during the day that stars can be seen in the sky. The phenomenon of a total solar eclipse upsets even the animal world. For example, birds believe that night has fallen and stop singing for the duration of the total solar eclipse.

During a partial solar eclipse, however, only part of the sun is covered by the moon. In fact, however, the impression is deceptive. During a partial eclipse, the moon only partially crosses the path of the sun’s rays. This gives the impression that the sun is missing a little bit.

When can the next solar eclipse be observed in Germany?

When can the next solar eclipse be seen in Germany?

The next time you can see the moon from Germany, how it partially moves in front of the sun, is on October 25, 2022. After that you have to wait two and a half years until it comes again on October 25, 2022 March 29, 2025 comes to this celestial spectacle. Both times you can see a partial eclipse. A total solar eclipse can only be observed in Germany on September 3, 2081.

Dates for the next solar eclipse

  • Partial solar eclipse: October 25, 2022 at 08:58 (UTC)
  • Hybrid Solar Eclipse: April 20, 2023 at 01:34 (UTC)
  • Annular solar eclipse: October 14, 2023 at 15:03 (UTC)
  • Total solar eclipse: April 8, 2024 at 15:42 (UTC)
  • Annular solar eclipse: October 2, 2024 at 15:42 (UTC)

What to watch out for during a partial solar eclipse – protect your retina with glasses

The Federal Office for Radiation Protection in Salzgitter has already issued a warning for the partial solar eclipse on October 25 to observe the spectacle with the naked eye. While the Perseids in October 2022 or the largest supermoon of the year in July 2022 could be observed with the naked eye, the office recommends not doing so during the eclipse. Instead, you should protect your eyes with solar eclipse glasses or sun protection goggles. However, conventional sunglasses and welding goggles, sooty glass, X-rays, CDs, folded emergency blankets and black film strips should not be considered for observing the eclipse as they do not reliably protect the eyes.

Der Verlauf einer partiellen Sonnenfinsternis
The course of a partial solar eclipse. © Patha Sarkar/imago

In any case, you should not look at the sun with the naked eye. This can cause irreparable damage to the eyes and even blindness. Even conventional sunglasses or creative DIY projects offer no protection. If you want to protect yourself safely to observe the partial solar eclipse, you should not only consider special solar eclipse glasses. These light protection goggles have special filter foils that only let through one hundred thousandth of the sunlight.

Solar eclipse glasses: Light protection glasses according to EU standards and with the CE symbol – or a pinhole camera

Furthermore, when buying solar eclipse glasses, care should be taken to ensure that they are marked with a notice that the glasses are safe according to EU standards in order to be able to look directly into the sun. Furthermore, it must bear the CE symbol and show no signs of damage. Good safety goggles have particularly wide temples and fit snugly on the face so that as little light as possible hits the eyes past the lenses.

However, the Federal Office names a camera obscura, i.e. a pinhole camera in which only the projection of the partial solar eclipse is visible, as the safest method for observing the partial solar eclipse in October 2022 in Germany. A camera obscura is easy to build yourself and is also suitable for capturing the natural spectacle on October 25th. to watch with children.

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