FunWhat has been the best scientific breakthrough in history...

What has been the best scientific breakthrough in history and why

Any scientific discovery is potentially capable of having a profound impact on society and the economy and leading to overcoming what, until then, had always been considered insurmountable limits. Let’s review some of the most important scientific breakthroughs below and find out what was the best scientific breakthrough in history and why. What was the best scientific breakthrough in history and why Knowing what has been the best invention in history could generate a lot of debate since among other things, it will depend a lot on the time we want to consider or value. For example, the locomotive, invented in 1829 by the British engineer Robert Stephenson, gave rise to the birth of rail transport and allowed many people to access faster journeys. But other discoveries that are more scientific in nature have also served to advance humanity in other aspects. The discovery of penicillin In this sense, and according to the opinion of the scientists themselves, the advance in science that would have marked history the most. It would be the discovery of penicillin. Discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928, penicillin is an antibiotic made from the fungus Penicillium notarum. It is effective against numerous bacteria, including streptococci, staphylococci, spirilli and meningococci, even unfortunately its excessive use has led many microorganisms to develop resistance against it. If Fleming was the first to discover it, it was Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain who allowed its industrial production, a feat for which they won the Nobel Prize in 1945.Thanks to this finding, diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis and typhus have stopped terrorizing humanity because they found a cure and also led to further research for the creation of new drugs in the form of antibiotics. Penicillin can be considered the greatest scientific advance in history, although as we say, it would not be the only one. In fact, we also want to highlight these other two that we now list: DNA DNA, the nucleic acid that contains all the genetic information necessary for the biosynthesis of RNA and proteins, was isolated for the first time by the Swiss biochemist Friedrich Miescher, who warned the presence of pus in some surgical dressings used. Later, many other researchers contributed to the study of deoxyribonucleic acid, including James Watson and Francis Crick, who presented the first accurate model of its double helix structure in 1953. The discovery of DNA has had important consequences throughout the scientific community, allowing , for example, discovering the origin of some pathologies through molecular biology and developing new strategies to treat them.X-rays X-rays (also known as Roentgen rays) were discovered in 1895 by the German physicist Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen: they are characterized electromagnetic radiation by wavelengths between 10 nanometers (nm) and 1/1000 of a nanometer (1 picometer). Thanks to its ability to pass through matter, X-rays can be used in the medical field to treat certain types of tumors and to obtain X-rays.

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