Tech UPTechnologyThe smart mobility I've seen in Turin

The smart mobility I've seen in Turin

It seems that at this point, although there are still and will be detractors, no one doubts that the future of mobility stops, among others, for automation, intelligence and connectivity to make cars increasingly autonomous and safe. I was in Turin a few weeks ago with some of the big companies in the telecommunications and automotive sector, and I was a direct witness of the progress that is already taking place in this field. The 5GAA consortium, which already has 130 members globally, hosted a conference demonstrating various smart transportation solutions.

Smart mobility technology is already a reality today with ‘Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything’ (C-V2X), which allows connected vehicles to communicate with the cloud, directly with each other and with their environment. The implementation plans are based primarily on the global trend in the automotive industry to adopt 4G LTE cellular technology, followed by the emerging high-speed, low-latency 5G communications. Beyond infotainment, the C-V2X will leverage vehicle and smartphone connectivity to contribute to better safety and lower congestion and emissions.

To see live the different use cases that the 5GAA prepared we went to the streets of Turin and to the famous rooftop test track at Lingotto. There Audi, Continental, Ericsson, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA), Harman Samsung, Marelli, Pirelli, Qualcomm, TIM and Vodafone demonstrated the current state of the C-V2X and the way forward, Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) applications. vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-network (V2N) based on 4G LTE and 5G.

Already today, with C-V2X technology, vulnerable road users can be protected, for example, by alerting drivers of a pedestrian at a crossing using LTE-connected infrastructure; o improve traffic by allowing public authorities and road operators to provide real-time warnings to drivers in urban environments about roadworks or speed limits, over the network; or the prevention of incidents at dangerous intersections or in the event of unexpected braking, thanks to direct C-V2X short-range communications between vehicles.

Demonstrations on the legendary track at Lingotto underscored the enhanced security benefits that can be expected thanks to the versatility of 5G and the wide range of services it enables. For example, vehicles will be able to geo-tag dangerous areas for the following cars, or provide “transparency” functions to prevent dangerous overtaking; pedestrians will be detected directly through their smartphones and surrounding vehicles will be warned; And in the event of accidents, emergency services will be able to view the situation live using cameras on board the surrounding vehicles, improving response times and giving emergencies an awareness of the situation before reaching the scene of the accident.

In addition, Intel presented an “In Vehicle Entertainment” demo, in collaboration with Marelli, TerraNet and Equinix, showing immersive high definition (HD) entertainment for all occupants of a vehicle, including streaming video, games, virtual reality (VR ), office work, online education and advertising.

In another of the demos, which is part of the Smart Roads Initiative sponsored by the Municipality of Turin, TIM, Links Foundation and Luxoft showed how communication between the various actors moving on the roads can help detect potentially dangerous situations. The aim of this case was to demonstrate how the 5G mobile network facilitates the protection of vulnerable road users: pedestrians (presence of a pedestrian at a crosswalk) and cyclists (presence of a connected bicycle on the road). In the case of a pedestrian approaching a crosswalk, a road unit connected to the mobile network, equipped with a camera capable of detecting the event, sent a warning message to nearby connected vehicles (I2V communication). In the case of the connected bicycle and a connected vehicle approaching each other, the two vehicles received a warning message about their presence when a collision risk is detected.

TIM, FCA, Links Foundation, City of Turin with 5T, and Politecnico di Torino showed how the Local Traffic Authority in Turin intends to notify drivers in real time of possible dangers and special situations on the road (traffic jam , warning of road works, dynamic speed limit, etc.). In the demo, a standard georeferenced warning message was sent to a TIM AMQP broker on the edge of the 5G mobile network, and only the vehicles involved received the geolocated message from the AMQP broker using the 5G network of the Italian operator. The warning could be read and displayed on an FCA vehicle, and the driver was notified of the speed reduction. The aim of the test was to demonstrate how TIM’s 5G network was suitable for realizing smart road services for connected cars.

For their part, FCA and Harman Samsung exhibited two Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) demonstrations, integrating C-V2X short-range direct communication into Maserati Levante and Quattroporte seats. The vehicles, via a direct radio link (radio link without a network), anonymously communicated basic information such as their position and related address. A frontal collision warning alerted the driver accordingly, and Intersection Movement Assist (IMA) assisted the driver at junctions to avoid a possible side collision with an oncoming vehicle.

Also FCA, in this case with Continental and Qualcomm, demonstrated a fast and reliable exchange of information between vehicles in emergency situations. The demonstration was based on C-V2X direct short-range technology, which enabled vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication between two Jeep Renegades to warn of a parked vehicle and an emergency in the event of sudden braking.

Vodafone, FCA, Vodafone Automotive, Marelli and Altran taught ‘See Through’, which used C-V2X long-range cellular network communication to exchange real-time streamed video between vehicles, extending the driver’s visual range under obstructed visibility scenarios. and to avoid accidents, especially those that can occur in an overtaking phase. The two Jeep Renegades vehicles involved were equipped with a connectivity solution (Marelli) and high-speed cameras (Marelli Motorsport) to detect road lanes. A real-time tracking system and a vehicle spatial mapping algorithm, specifically developed by Vodafone Automotive, allowed video streams to be dynamically managed and routed based on the relative positions of the vehicles and guaranteed minimum end-to-end latency for driver safety.

Lastly, Audi, Ericsson, Italdesign, KTH, Pirelli, Qualcomm, TIM and Tobii showed how 5G commercial cars and smartphones and 5G networks jointly improve convenience, safety and efficiency. This collaboration combined the power of eye-tracking glasses, smart tires, in-vehicle augmented reality, and 5G phones to work together on a live 5G network.

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