LivingTravelWhat and where is Jutland?

What and where is Jutland?

Jutland, a low peninsula in western Denmark, separates the North and Baltic Seas and borders Germany to the south. Home to approximately 2.5 million Danes on its 11,500 square miles of land, Jutland’s largest cities are Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Randers, Kolding, and Ribe. The peninsula is also called the Cimbrian or Cimbric peninsula.

Many of Jutland’s outdoor activities are influenced by the mostly flat and uniform topography of the peninsula. Popular sports and outdoor adventures in Jutland are windsurfing and cycling because the low, even terrain is perfect for bicycles and the unstoppable and damaging Danish winds blowing across the peninsula are excellent for windsurfers.

Jutland Topography

As a low-lying country, Denmark’s average altitude is about 100 feet, and the country’s highest point, Yding Skovhoj, in southeast Jutland, is only 568 feet. The southern coast of the island of Lolland and some other areas in Jutland are protected against flooding by levees.

Jutland, like most of Denmark, consists of a glacial deposit on a chalk base with an area of small hills, moors, ridges, mountainous islands and raised sea beds in most of the country, and marshes and plains on the west coast.

Legos Home

Travelers to Jutland can also enjoy amusement parks like the original Legoland in Billund, as well as museums, annual events, the unspoiled beaches along the coast, and a host of other local pastimes and traditions. Lego, the popular line of small plastic building bricks for children, is a private company that was founded in a carpentry workshop in Billund in 1932. Additionally, Billund is where the region’s main airport is located.

Major cities

Aarhus is the unofficial capital of Jutland and the most populous city. It is on the east coast of Jutland and after Copenhagen, it is the second largest city in Denmark. Each year the European Union names two European host cities as ‘European Capital of Culture’. Aarhus was included in the list in 2017 for its wide range of cultural events and places to visit.

Herning is a major traffic junction for West Jutland. Aalborg is a cultural center and port city in North Jutland. Or, you can spend the day in Denmark’s oldest city, Ribe, which is a great place to see a bit of history.

A history of conquest

The Jutes, after whom Jutland was called, were one of the three most powerful Germanic peoples during the Nordic Iron Age in the 6th and 5th centuries BC. From their home in Jutland, along with the Angles and Saxons, the Jutes migrated to Britain beginning around 450 AD, sparking the long road to the creation of Britain and the beginning of modern Western civilization.

The Saxons inhabited the southernmost part of the peninsula until Charlemagne violently subdued them in 804, after 30 years of fighting. The Danes, including Jutland, united in 965, and the Jutland Code, a civil code promulgated under Valdemar II of Denmark in 1241, created a uniform set of laws governing Jutland and other settlements in Denmark.

Another notable historical incident was the Battle of Jutland which was fought between the British Royal Navy and the Imperial German Navy from May 31 to June 1, 1916, at the height of the First World War. The battle ended in a stalemate, with the British losing twice as many ships and men but managed to hold off the German fleet.

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