Living7 facts about female genital mutilation

7 facts about female genital mutilation

As explained from the website of the World Health Organization (WHO): “Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures consisting of partial or total resection of the female external genitalia , as well as other lesions of the female genitalia. female genitalia for non-medical reasons. ” Well, although this procedure does not provide any health benefits and is extremely dangerous (it can cause bleeding, cysts, infections, urinary, sexual and menstrual problems, injuries to neighboring genital tissues, infertility, increased risk of complications in childbirth, need for new surgical interventions, psychological disorders and even death ), in certain parts of the world it is still practiced regularly.

Here we leave you some data that shows the severity of the problem.

1. In most cases, ablation is performed in infancy, sometime between infancy and age 15 . Sometimes it is also done in adulthood.

2. According to WHO, more than 200 million women and girls alive today have undergone FGM.

3. There are four different types of female genital mutilation: infibulation, clitoridectomy, excision and other injurious procedures of the external genitalia for non-medical purposes, such as perforation, incision, scraping or cauterization of the genital area.

4. The areas where genital mutilation occurs most are in Africa (specifically in the western, eastern and north-eastern regions), in the Middle East and in some areas of Asia . Also among migrants from these areas, which is why FGM is a global problem.

5. Who performs these ablations? Well, in many cases the same doctors because it is believed that if it is done under medical conditions the procedure is safer. On other occasions, FGM is carried out by people who usually attend childbirth or by traditional circumcisers.

6. Ablation is considered internationally as a violation of the human rights of women and girls . It is an extreme form of discrimination against women. It also violates the rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right not to be subjected to torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life in cases where the procedure ends up producing death.

7. And why is it done? The reasons change according to the zones and the time, but they always respond to sociocultural factors that are conveyed by families and communities. Among the reasons for performing FGM are: to ensure the woman’s virginity before and after marriage , that she does not feel the desire to have extramarital relations, as her libido is considerably reduced and depending on the type of ablation that has been performed , having sex can be a very painful act , the belief that girls are pure and beautiful only if they remove from their body the parts that are considered impure, that is, the genitals, as something that is done following tradition and not go against what that society expects to be done.

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