LivingBabies know how to recognize failure

Babies know how to recognize failure

bebe-jugarA study from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), in the United States, has analyzed the response of several 16-month-old babies when their toy did not work. The results, published in the journalScience, show thatchildren have a high rational capacity to deduce which is the cause of the failure(them or the object) and, based on this, ask for help or explore another toy.

To analyze theinductive and learning ability of babies, Hyowon Gweon and her colleagues showed 16-month-old children three-colored toys (green, yellow and red). When the expert pressed the button on the green toy, music played, but when the little ones did, it didn’t work. They believed they were making a mistake and gave the toy to their parents for help. On the other hand, when the minors received the yellow toy and music was not heard either, they deduced that the toy did not work and they tried to change it for the red one.

“One of the problems we frequently face when interacting with the world isunderstand what is due to our actions or the outside world, which is especially important when we are not successfulSince this attribution will determine our next action, “explains Gweon. According to the researcher, children have a high capacity to make inductive deductions with little data, which allows them to learn quickly and accurately.

Although the study was carried out in babies, “the results can also extend to the learning capacity of adults regardless of their age,” says Gweon. And it is that every person can rationally infer the cause of a failure. “The human being is a rational learner armed with a potential mechanism to make inductive inferences, which we already have before going to school,” the scientist underlines in statements to the SINC Agency. However,some adults have developed prejudices about themselves due to their interaction with the world. Thus, “if someone tends to think that when something goes wrong it is always their fault, this belief can override what the study suggests”, the researcher points out.

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