St. Elizabeths, a national historic landmark that was a former government hospital for the insane, is one of the few great redevelopment opportunities left in Washington DC. The development of the 350-acre property offers an extraordinary opportunity for the capital region in terms of economic growth and job creation. St. Elizabeths is divided into two campuses. The West Campus, owned by the federal government, will be used to consolidate the headquarters of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
This project is the largest federal construction project in the Washington, DC area since the Pentagon was built during World War II. The East Campus will house the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) headquarters with the remainder of the land developed as a mixed-use, mixed-income walkable community.
Location of St. Elizabeths
St. Elizabeths is located off Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue at Ward 8 in SE Washington, DC. The site offers panoramic views and unique vantage points of Alexandria, Baileys Crossroads, Ronald Reagan National Airport, Rosslyn, the National Cathedral, the Washington Monument, the United States Capitol, the Armed Forces Retirement Home and the Sanctuary of the Immaculate Conception.
The closest subway stations are Congress Heights and Anacostia. When the facility opens, shuttle buses will run between the Metro stations and the East and West campuses. Modifications will be made to the I-295 / Malcom X interchange and improvements will be made to Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue.
St. Elizabeths West – Department of Homeland Security Headquarters
The Department of Homeland Security currently occupies more than 40 buildings spread throughout the Washington, DC area. The new 176-acre facility in St. Elizabeths will bring those departments together and provide 4.5 million gross square feet of office space plus parking for more than 14,000 employees. The final master plan was approved in January 2009 and was designed to maintain the historic character of the campus and promote sustainable development. The plan will preserve and reuse 51 of the 62 buildings on the West Campus with potential uses including administrative offices, child care, gym, cafeteria, credit union, barbershop, conference facilities, library and storage.
The total cost of the project is estimated at $ 3.4 billion.
- Phase 1 – US Coast Guard Headquarters – Opened Summer 2013
- Phase 2A – Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Headquarters and National Operations Center (NOC) – On September 30, 2014, Grunley Construction Company, Inc. and Shalom Baranes Associates received a $ 139 million design-build contract to renovate the Downtown Building. Projected completion date: August 2017
- Phase 2B – Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Headquarters – Projected Completion Date: TBD
- Phase 3 – Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Headquarters; Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Control (ICE) Headquarters – Projected Completion Date: TBD
For more information, visit stelizabethsdevelopment.com.
Public tours of the property are available one Saturday a month through the DC Historic Preservation League and GSA. To register, visit www.dcpreservation.org.
Headquarters of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
To reduce density on the West Campus, FEMA headquarters will be located on the East Campus with an underground connection to the West. The building will have approximately 700,000 gross square feet plus parking and will provide office space for approximately 3,000 employees.
St. Elizabeths East – Mixed Use Development
The 183-acre East Campus offers an opportunity for innovation and commercialization and its development is overseen by the Office of the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development for the District of Columbia. Its unique configuration can support approximately 5 million square feet of mixed-use development. While several historic buildings are suitable for educational and office use, the remodel will also include the construction of new buildings, transforming the historic landmark into a vibrant neighborhood for residential, commercial and institutional uses.
The Redevelopment Framework Plan was approved by the DC Council in 2008 and 2012. The Master Plan outlines the revitalization goals and provisions for St. Elizabeths East to evolve over the next 5 to 20 years. Development partners will be chosen to transform the site. Phase I proposes 90,000 square feet of retail stores, 387,600 square feet of rental housing, and 36 townhomes. The DC Department of Transportation is planning infrastructure improvements that include rebuilding roads and providing a variety of transportation options.
Future phase plans to be determined.
St. Elizabeths East Gateway Pavilion – The venue is currently open and is used for casual dining, a farmer’s market, and other weekend and after-hours community, cultural and arts events. Public events give local residents the opportunity to view the property and learn about future development. Ward 8 Farmers Market – 2700 Market Luther King, Jr. Ave. (Chapel Gate) is open every Saturday from 10 a.m. M. At 2 p. M., From June to October.
Sports Arena for Wizards and Mystics – Plans are underway to build a new state-of-the-art sports and entertainment arena to serve as a practice center for the city’s professional basketball teams – the Washington Wizards and the Washington Mystics. Read more about the Arena.
For more information, visit www.stelizabethseast.com
History of Santa Isabel
St. Elizabeths Hospital was established in 1855 as the Government Hospital for the Mad. The hospital was a prominent example of the reform movement of the mid-19th century that believed in moral treatment for the care of the mentally ill. At its peak in the 1940s and 1950s, the St. Elizabeth campus housed 8,000 patients and employed 4,000 people. For more than a century, St. Elizabeths was recognized internationally as a leading clinical and training institution. The passage of the Community Mental Health Act of 1963 led to deinstitutionalization, providing local outpatient facilities and encouraging patients to live independently.
St. Elizabeths’ patient population steadily declined and the property deteriorated over the next several decades. In 2002, the property was named one of the Most Threatened Places in the Nation by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
The US Department of Health and Human Services and its predecessors controlled and operated the hospital until 1987, when the East Campus and hospital operations were transferred to the District of Columbia. Parts of the West Campus were used for outpatient services until 2003, when it closed its operations. The General Services Administration (GSA) took control of the West Campus in December 2004 and has since stabilized vacant buildings. In April 2010, St. Elizabeths Hospital consolidated its operations and moved into a new 450,000-square-foot state-of-the-art facility in the southern portion of the East Campus.
Approximately 300 patients live on the site. John W. Hinckley, Jr., the man who tried to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan in 1981, is its most infamous resident.