FunWhat are the differences between a hurricane, typhoon and...

What are the differences between a hurricane, typhoon and cyclone?

In summary: The term hurricane is used in the Atlantic, the Caribbean Sea, the central Pacific and the northeast. Typhoons in the Pacific Northwest, in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, are called cyclones . The tropical cyclone is used in the southwestern Indian Ocean; and in the southwestern Pacific and the southeastern Indian Ocean they are severe tropical cyclones .

 

Why are storms named?

Tropical storms last a long time and are given names so that they can be identified quickly and anywhere in the world.

In most places, the first storm in a year will have a name that begins with A, such as Hurricane Alice, and the next will receive a name that begins with the letter B. Meteorologists hold meetings annually to decide on new names for next year. Of course, the names of storms that cause a lot of damage are never used again.

 

Tropical cyclone or cyclone. What is the difference?

A tropical cyclone is a generic term used by meteorologists to describe a rotating, organized system of clouds and thunderstorms that originates in tropical or subtropical waters and has low-level closed circulation. Once a tropical cyclone reaches maximum sustained winds of 120 kilometers per hour or more, it is classified as a hurricane, typhoon or cyclone depending on where the storm originates on the planet.

Tropical cyclones spin counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere.

 

 

 

They are classified as follows:

Tropical depression: a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 61 km / hour or less.
Tropical storm: a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 62 to 117 km / h-

Hurricane: a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 119 km / h or more. In the western North Pacific, hurricanes are called typhoons; Similar storms in the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean are called cyclones.
Major Hurricane : a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 178 km / h (or 96 knots) or more, corresponding to a category 3, 4 or 5 on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale.

 

The weakest tropical cyclones are called tropical depressions. If a depression intensifies such that its maximum sustained winds reach 62 kilometers per hour, the tropical cyclone becomes a tropical storm. Once a tropical cyclone reaches maximum sustained winds of 119 kilometers per hour or more, it is classified as a hurricane, typhoon, or tropical cyclone, depending on where the storm originates in the world. In the North Atlantic, the Central North Pacific, and the Eastern North Pacific, the term hurricane is used. The same type of disturbance in the Pacific Northwest is called a typhoon. Meanwhile, in the South Pacific and Indian Oceans, the generic term tropical cyclone is used, regardless of the strength of the wind associated with the weather system.

 

Ingredients for tropical cyclones include a pre-existing climate disturbance, warm tropical oceans, humidity, and relatively mild winds. If the right conditions persist long enough, they can combine to produce violent winds, large waves, torrential rains, and flooding that we associate with this phenomenon. Sometimes when a weather system does not meet all of these conditions, but is forecast to bring a tropical storm or hurricane force winds to land in the next day or two, it is called a potential tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin and the central and eastern basins. East of the North Pacific.

In the Atlantic, the hurricane season officially begins from June 1 to November 30, as 97% of tropical cyclone activity occurs during this period . However, there is nothing particular about these dates. Hurricanes can and do occur within and outside of this six-month period.

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