FunNature & AnimalDiagnosis of diseases in birds. Physical exam

Diagnosis of diseases in birds. Physical exam

Once we have gone to the vet because we suspect that our bird is sick, the professional, after asking you a few questions, will begin the physical examination . At this time you will have to catch and manipulate the animal, that is why it is essential that the animal is used to contact with humans (with birds born in captivity this is the case). In this procedure you will look at:

· Pens. Its condition, distribution, quality and the appearance of the follicles.

· Body condition. By palpating the pectoral muscles, you will see if the animal has a correct state of meat, if it is obese or if, on the contrary, it is very thin.

· Hydration. It is assessed by a gentle pinching of the skin or by the turgor and greater or less sinking of the eyeball.

· Pick and wax. Flakes in these areas indicate nutritional problems … The wax must be smooth and well pigmented. If “holes” appear, there may be scabies, if color changes appear, hormonal alterations may occur …

· Nostrils. They must be clean, without abnormal secretions.

· Mouth. To observe the inside of the mouth, the professional will use special instruments. The oral cavity must be clean, without the presence of lesions. The tongue will have a fleshy appearance and will not show lesions.

· Eyes. The eyelids will not be swollen or enlarged. There should be no secretions.

· Hearing. The vet can view the back of the bird’s eyeball through the ear canal. This will be clean and without abnormal secretions.

· At. Its integrity (no fractures) and its functionality will be assessed by making gentle movements (extension, flexion …).

· Legs. Integrity and mobility will also be appreciated as in the case of wings. It will be important to assess the soles of the animal’s feet, ruling out the presence of injuries.

· Sewer. It must be presented clean, without traces of stool (diarrhea). It will not be swollen, prolapsed …

· Abdomen. Palpation of the abdomen by the professional provides information on increases in the size of the abdominal organs (tumors), the existence of fluid, retention of eggs in females …

Observation continues with checking temperature and weight

With all this, the physical examination does not end, the professional has data, but not enough yet. The next steps in the search for the origin of the problem is to obtain complementary data , these provide us with important information about the real state of the animal:

· Temperature. It is taken in the cloaca of the animal. Normal ranges are between 39 and 41 degrees Celsius.

· Respiratory recovery. It is the time it takes the animal to regain its normal breathing at the end of the manipulation. This time is usually one to two minutes.

· Auscultation. The use of the stethoscope provides the professional with an assessment of the heart rate and respiration that must be “clean”.

· Weight. A data of great importance since it confirms the real body state (average weight of the species) and allows us to assess its evolution by successive weighings in the following days.

· Observation of stool. Both direct observation of feces and taking samples for subsequent analysis offer the professional a large amount of data (correct diet and state of health).

Below you will find a video about intestinal damage caused by parasites in birds.

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