FunInca Empire: what it was, characteristics and what area...

Inca Empire: what it was, characteristics and what area it occupied

The Inca Empire was the most important and extensive culture in pre-Columbian America. This empire left a great mark on the areas where it lived until the arrival and contact with the European colonizers. The capital was established in the city of Cuzco, in Peru, and from there, the great empire expanded with a length greater than that of the Roman Empire itself, extending from Colombia to Chile, passing through areas of Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador. .

According to sources, it was Manco Capac , the supreme Inca who led the empire to its great expansion among neighboring territories. With the arrival of the Europeans, these more distant peoples ended up joining the colonization.


The Inca Empire was made up of those known as ‘theirs’ or cities. Cuzco was the capital and from there the entire territory extended through an infinity of roads created by the empire itself.

The Inca was the supreme being, it was believed that he was the envoy of the Sun God on Earth, that is why everyone obeyed his dictates. The State was organized by the first Inca, Pachacútec , who reunited the entire empire to begin a great unprecedented expansion.

The city was divided into various social classes. The Inca lived with his family, at the beginning of the chain, then his court and the nobles, and then the common people, who dedicated themselves to working for the nobles and the Inca. In spite of everything, there was no money, trade or unemployment . The efficient social and economic organization of the Inca Empire served to spread throughout South America with great efficiency.

The religion

In addition to the economy and the great organization they had, the Inca Empire was based on the importance it attached to religion. They were a people who believed in various types of gods such as Pachamama, the goddess of mother earth; Illapu, the god of lightning; or Quilla, the goddess of water.

But the one they venerated, and the Inca himself did so, was the Sun King, Inti . Human sacrifices in his honor were common to this, since it was believed that death was a sacred passage to another life.

The sacrifices were carried out in the mountains and were not made in a habitual way, only when the town was punished with natural disasters, earthquakes and other phenomena that put the will of the people to the test.


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